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Acoustic transmission-line analysis of formants in hyperbaric Helium speech

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1 Author(s)
Lunde, P. ; NUTEC, Bergen, Norway

Acoustic transmission-line vocal tract models are used to study formant frequencies, bandwidths and amplitudes of hyperbaric heliox speech versus those of speech in air at 1 ATA. The models account for energy losses due to glottal impedance, lip/nostrils radiation, wall vibration, viscous friction and thermal conduction. New wall impedance values are presented, matching measurements of the closed tract resonance. On basis of, a uniform tube model, an extended version of the classic Fant-Lindquist formula [1] describing formant frequency shift is developed, and formulas for bandwidth and amplitude shifts are given. A multitube vocal tract model is applied for analysis of the effects of nonuniform vocal tract cross-sectional area on the formant shift.

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '85.  (Volume:10 )

Date of Conference:

Apr 1985