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Enthalpy-probe diagnostics of an atmospheric-pressure unleaded petrol exhaust-gas microwave-induced plasma

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3 Author(s)
C. A. Destefani ; Ind. Res. Inst., Swinburne Univ. of Technol., Hawthorn, Australia ; A. B. Murphy ; E. Siores

An unleaded petrol exhaust-gas microwave-induced plasma (MIP) at atmospheric pressure was generated in a TE101 resonant-mode cavity. The microwave discharges were generated at three incident microwave power levels: 500 W, 700 W, and 1500 W. An enthalpy probe was used to characterize the exhaust-gas MIP discharge, yielding values of enthalpy, velocity, and heavy-particle temperature along the microwave-discharge axis. The heavy-particle temperature was found to be 710 K, 940 K, and 1065 K, with velocities of 140 m s-1, 148 m s-1, and 155 m s-1, at the exit plane of the discharge tube for an exhaust-gas flow rate of 3.5 l min-1 at 500 W, 700 W, and 1500 W respectively. The assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium is required in the calculation of temperature and velocity in the microwave discharge from the enthalpy-probe data. In microwave-induced plasmas, the electron temperature is significantly higher than the heavy-particle temperature. We present arguments that indicate that the calculated heavy-particle temperature and velocity values are nevertheless accurate.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )