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Full-wave analysis of microwave scattering from short vegetation: an investigation on the effect of multiple scattering

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3 Author(s)
Yisok Oh ; Dept. of Radio Sci. & Commun. Eng., Hong-ik Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Young-Mi Jang ; Sarabandi, K.

A full-wave solution for polarimetric scattering from a cluster of randomly oriented three-dimensional lossy dielectric structures above an impedance surface is presented to investigate the importance of multiple scattering. The problem is formulated using an integral equation in conjunction with the exact image representation of dyadic Green's function for the half-space problem. Then, the integral equation is solved for the induced equivalent polarization currents using the method of moments. The accuracy of the numerical code is verified using other existing numerical results and experimental observations. The model is then used to examine the effect of multiple scattering among a cluster of relatively short stems and is shown that multiple scattering significantly affects the cross-polarized backscatter whereas it has a moderate effect on the copolarized backscattering depending on the stem density.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 11 )