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A new algorithm for surface deformation monitoring based on small baseline differential SAR interferograms

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4 Author(s)
Berardino, P. ; Ist. per il Rilevamento Elettromagnetico dell''Ambiente, Nat. Res. Council of Italy, Napoli, Italy ; Fornaro, G. ; Lanari, R. ; Sansosti, E.

We present a new differential synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry algorithm for monitoring the temporal evolution of surface deformations. The presented technique is based on an appropriate combination of differential interferograms produced by data pairs characterized by a small orbital separation (baseline) in order to limit the spatial decorrelation phenomena. The application of the singular value decomposition method allows us to easily "link" independent SAR acquisition datasets, separated by large baselines, thus increasing the observation temporal sampling rate. The availability of both spatial and temporal information in the processed data is used to identify and filter out atmospheric phase artifacts. We present results obtained on the data acquired from 1992 to 2000 by the European Remote Sensing satellites and relative to the Campi Flegrei caldera and to the city of Naples, Italy, that demonstrate the capability of the proposed approach to follow the dynamics of the detected deformations.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 11 )