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Mixture autoregressive hidden Markov models for speech signals

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2 Author(s)
Biing-Hwang Juang ; AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ ; Rabiner, L.

In this paper a signal modeling technique based upon finite mixture autoregressive probabilistic functions of Markov chains is developed and applied to the problem of speech recognition, particularly speaker-independent recognition of isolated digits. Two types of mixture probability densities are investigated: finite mixtures of Gaussian autoregressive densities (GAM) and nearest-neighbor partitioned finite mixtures of Gaussian autoregressive densities (PGAM). In the former (GAM), the observation density in each Markov state is simply a (stochastically constrained) weighted sum of Gaussian autoregressive densities, while in the latter (PGAM) it involves nearest-neighbor decoding which in effect, defines a set of partitions on the observation space. In this paper we discuss the signal modeling methodology and give experimental results on speaker independent recognition of isolated digits. We also discuss the potential use of the modeling technique for other applications.

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 6 )