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Speech enhancement using a soft-decision noise suppression filter

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2 Author(s)
McAulay, R. ; Massachusettes Institute of Technology, Lexington, MA, USA ; Malpass, M.

One way of enhancing speech in an additive acoustic noise environment is to perform a spectral decomposition of a frame of noisy speech and to attenuate a particular spectral line depending on how much the measured speech plus noise power exceeds an estimate of the background noise. Using a two-state model for the speech event (speech absent or speech present) and using the maximum likelihood estimator of the magnitude of the speech spectrum results in a new class of suppression curves which permits a tradeoff of noise suppression against speech distortion. The algorithm has been implemented in real time in the time domain, exploiting the structure of the channel vocoder. Extensive testing has shown that the noise can be made imperceptible by proper choice of the suppression factor.

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Apr 1980

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