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The enhancement of speech intelligibility in high noise levels by high-pass filtering followed by rapid amplitude compression

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2 Author(s)
R. Niederjohn ; Marquette University, Milwaukee,WI ; J. Grotelueschen

This paper presents the results of an examination of rapid amplitude compression following high-pass filtering as a method for processing speech, prior to reception by the listener, as a means of enhancing the intelligibility of speech in high noise levels. Arguments supporting this particular signal processing method are based on the results of previous perceptual studies of speech in noise. In these previous studies, it has been shown that high-pass filtered/clipped speech offers a significant gain in the intelligibility of speech in white noise over that for unprocessed speech at the same signal-to-noise ratios. Similar results have also been obtained for speech processed by high-pass filtering alone. The present paper explores these effects and it proposes the use of high-pass filtering followed by rapid amplitude compression as a signal processing method for enhancing the intelligibility of speech in noise. It is shown that this new method resuits in a substantial improvement in the intelligibility of speech in white noise over normal speech and over previously implemented methods.

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IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 4 )