By Topic

Reading machines for the blind:The technical problems and the methods adopted for their solution

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
Allen, J. ; MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA

In order to assess current efforts devoted to reading machine design, it is first necessary to develop a set of requirements for an ideal device. Direct translation aids are then seen to lack several of these desirable features, and more general, linguistically based techniques are then examined. Structural properties of English are found to be obtainable from the orthographic representation, and these abstract relations can then be used to infer structural correlates in the output speech waveform. Current knowledge is centered largely at the word level, but several correlates of higher order units have been studied and rules for their behavior have been implemented in working systems. Finally, direct assessment of speech synthesized by rule has shown that even currently available techniques can yield speech acceptable to blind users.

Published in:

Audio and Electroacoustics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 3 )