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Image coding using vector quantization in the wavelet transform domain

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4 Author(s)
M. Antonini ; CNRS, Sophia Antipolis Univ., Nice, France ; M. Barlaud ; P. Mathieu ; I. Daubechies

A two-step scheme for image compression that takes into account psychovisual features in space and frequency domains is proposed. A wavelet transform is first used in order to obtain a set of orthonormal subclasses of images; the original image is decomposed at different scales using a pyramidal algorithm architecture. The decomposition is along the vertical and horizontal directions and maintains the number of pixels required to describe the image at a constant. Second, according to Shannon's rate-distortion theory, the wavelet coefficients are vector quantized using a multiresolution codebook. To encode the wavelet coefficients, a noise-shaping bit-allocation procedure which assumes that details at high resolution are less visible to the human eye is proposed. In order to allow the receiver to recognize a picture as quickly as possible at minimum cost, a progressive transmission scheme is presented. The wavelet transform is particularly well adapted to progressive transmission

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1990. ICASSP-90., 1990 International Conference on

Date of Conference:

3-6 Apr 1990