Skip to Main Content
A compact elliptic-function low-pass filter using microstrip stepped-impendance hairpin resonators and their equivalent-circuit models are developed. The prototype filters are synthesized from the equivalent-circuit model using available element-value tables. To optimize the performance of the filters, electromagnetic simulation is used to tune the dimensions of the prototype filters. The filter using multiple cascaded hairpin resonators provides a very sharp cutoff frequency response with low insertion loss. Furthermore, to increase the rejection-band bandwidth, additional attenuation poles are added in the filter. The filters are evaluated by experiment and simulation with good agreement. This simple equivalent-circuit model provides a useful method to design and understand this type of filters and other relative circuits.