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In this paper, a Ka-band power amplifier based on a resonant slotted-waveguide-to-microstrip power-dividing/combining circuit is presented. The advantages of this structure are its low profile, ease of fabrication, as well as its potential for high power-combining efficiency. In addition, efficient heat sinking of monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) devices is achieved. A slotted-waveguide power amplifier using eight MMIC amplifiers was designed and fabricated. The measured power-combining efficiency at 33 GHz is 72%. In addition, simulation results predicting the performance degradation of the slotted-waveguide power amplifier due to multiple device failure are presented.