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A 1.76-GHz 22.6-mW ΔΣ fractional-n frequency synthesizer

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2 Author(s)
Ahola, R. ; Electron. Circuit Design Lab., Helsinki, Finland ; Halonen, K.

A ΔΣ fractional-N frequency synthesizer for the 2-GHz-range wireless communication applications is implemented in a 0.35-μm BiCMOS process, using only CMOS components. The synthesizer achieves a close-in phase noise of -81 dBc/Hz, while the spurious tones are at -85 dBc. The synthesizer features a multiple-modulus prescaler employing the phase-switching architecture to minimize the power dissipation. The entire prescaler, including the gigahertz-speed first stages, is implemented using full-swing logic. The current source structure employed in the charge pump provides a constant output current over a wide, almost rail-to-rail output voltage range. The power dissipation of the synthesizer chip is 22.6 mW from a 2.7-V supply.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 1 )