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Hybrid-integrated external-cavity laser without temperature-dependent mode hopping

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6 Author(s)
Tanaka, T. ; NTT Photonics Labs., NTT Corp., Kanagawa, Japan ; Hibino, Y. ; Hashimoto, T. ; Kasahara, R.
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We propose and demonstrate an integrated external-cavity laser (ECL) with a novel configuration designed to suppress temperature-dependent mode hopping. The laser cavity is composed of a spot-size converter integrated laser diode (SS-LD), a UV-written grating, and silicone-filled grooves on a planar lightwave circuit (PLC). The silicone is used to compensate for the difference between the temperature coefficients of the SS-LD and the silica waveguides. We calculate theoretically the temperature interval of the mode hopping in the ECL to optimize the length of the silicone-filled grooves. We fabricated test and practical lasers with the proposed configuration using PLC hybrid-integration technologies. With the test laser, we confirmed stable single-mode oscillation and a large increase in the mode-hopping temperature interval for both static and dynamic operation. We obtained a low threshold of 15 mA, an optical power of 1.0 mW at 25°C, and an injection current of 60 mA. In the practical laser, which we additionally integrated with a front monitor photodiode, we realized auto power control with mode-hopping-free operation from 18°C to 56°C. These results indicate the good performance levels of our proposed laser.

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 9 )