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A gyrotron-traveling-wave tube amplifier experiment with a ceramic loaded interaction region

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7 Author(s)
M. Garven ; Vacuum Electron. Branch, US Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA ; J. P. Calame ; B. G. Danly ; K. T. Nguyen
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The design and experimental study of a 35-GHz gyrotron-traveling-wave tube (gyro-TWT) amplifier operating in the circular TE01 mode at the fundamental cyclotron harmonic are presented. The interaction circuit in this experiment consisted of a new type of ceramic loading that provided the required loss for stable operation. A saturated peak power of 137 kW was measured at 34.1 GHz, corresponding to a saturated gain of 47.0 dB and an efficiency of 17%, with a -3-dB bandwidth of 1.11 GHz (3.3%). Peak output powers in the range of 102.1 to 148.6 kW with -3-dB bandwidths of 1.26 and 0.94 GHz, respectively, were measured by varying the operating parameters. The gyro-TWT was found to be zero-drive stable at these operating points, demonstrating that ceramic loading is a highly effective means of suppressing spurious oscillations in gyro-TWTs. This type of ceramic loading has the added advantage of being compatible with high average power operation.

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IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 3 )