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Pulse return from a sphere

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1 Author(s)
Weston, V.H. ; University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

The back scattering of short plane-wave harmonic pulses incident on a perfectly conducting sphere is investigated for both near and far fields. The pulse return is expressed in terms of the inverse Laplace transform of the CW back-scattered field. The inverse transform is calculated for the initial part of the pulse return using a Tauberian theorem. The latter part of the pulse return is given exactly in terms of residues representing the natural oscillations of the spheres. This residue expression converges rapidly for smallkaorkaof the order of 1. However, forkagg1, the particular residue series is slowly convergent, but the terms which are slowly convergent can again be summed using methods of contour integration to give the CW creeping waves plus transients. Calculations of the pulse return for the caseka = 1, indicates that there is significant tail to the pulse return in the "resonance" region. For very largeka, the tail of the pulse return is the order of1/kaof the head. In the high frequency limit there is no pulse distortion.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IRE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 5 )