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A fast convergent integral equation solution to the scattering problem of a transverse electric/transverse magnetic (TE/TM) plane wave by a one-dimensional periodic array of thin metal strips on a dielectric substrate is described. The formulation of the integral equation is similar to that derived by Montgomery for a two-dimensional periodic array of thin conductors on a dielectric substrate. However, the basis functions which satisfy the appropriate edge conditions are incorporated here for the unknown current expansion on the strips. Following the standard Galerkin's procedure, one may readily determine the induced currents on the strips and thus the reflected and transmitted fields. Sample numerical results are given and good agreement with previously published data is obtained. It is found that the convergence rate of this method is improved by an order of magnitude. Also it is shown that the dielectric substrate has a strong effect on the scattering from the large spacing strip grating.