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A vector space approach to direction finding in a coherent multipath environment

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2 Author(s)
Zoltowski, M. ; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; Haber, F.

The superresolution methods of spatial spectrum estimation heretofore reported are known to break down when arriving signals from different directions are coherent. It is shown here that this deficiency can be overcome by replacing the direction-of-arrival (DOA) search vector ordinarily used with a linear combination of such vectors. Particular attention is here given to extending the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) method to cover such cases. A procedure for determining the proper linear combination is presented so that determination of the separate coherent signal arrival angles involves a multidimensional search in angle only. Such a search is demonstrated for coherent two-ray and three-ray multipath environments.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 9 )