Skip to Main Content
Dielectric image line groove antennas are very useful for the application in the millimeter-wave region. In this first part of a two-part paper, three different types of groove discontinuities under a dielectric image line for application in millimeterwave antennas are investigated: the equivalent circuits of 1) a slot discontinuity in a metallic ground plane and 2) a slot discontinuity in the metallization of a substrate material under a dielectric image line are derived theoretically using an approximation for the electromagnetic fields of the slots. 3)The equivalent circuit of cylindrical holes in a metallic ground plane under a dielectric image line is derived from measurements. The results are used to synthesize millimeterwave dielectric image line antenna arrays as described in part II of the paper.