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The scattering of plane electromagnetic (EM) waves from a perfectly conducting, slightly rough surface moving in vacuum with uniform and constant velocity is examined by combining the boundary perturbation method and the special, homogeneous Lorentz transform. The direction of motion is assumed to be parallel to both the incidence plane and the mean plane of the moving rough surface. The analysis is confined to first-order scatter. The end result is the determination of the velocity-dependent expressions for the bistatic and backscatter incoherent cross sections per unit area of the scattering surface. The expressions for bistatic geometry are only valid for scattering inside the plane of incidence. A numerical example demonstrates the effect of the motion on the scattering behavior of the rough surface.
Date of Publication: Jul 1985