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Reflection from a periodically perforated plane using a subsectional current approximation

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2 Author(s)
Rubin, B.J. ; IBM Corp., Hopewell Junction, NY, USA ; Bertoni, Henry L.

The scattering from a zero thickness plane having finite sheet resistance and perforated periodically with apertures is calculated for arbitrary plane wave illumination. The surface current density within the unit cell is approximated by a finite number of current elements having rooftop spatial dependence. The transverse electric field is expressed in terms of the current, and the electric field boundary condition is satisfied in an integral sense over the conductor, generating a finite dimension matrix equation whose solution is the current density. Since the conductor shape is defined through the locations of subsectional current elements, arbitrary shaped apertures can be handled. The reflection coefficient and current distribution are calculated for square apertures in both perfectly conducting and resistive sheets, and for cross-shaped apertures. Finite resistivity is shown to cause the magnitude of the transverse magnetic (TM) reflection coefficient to decrease more rapidly and its phase to decrease less rapidly, as the angle of incidence approaches glancing. Through detailed plots of the current density, the current crowding around the apertures is made clearly evident.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 6 )