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Centimeter wave propagation experiments using the beacon signals of CS and BSE satellites

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6 Author(s)
Fukuchi, H. ; Radio Research Labs., Kashima, Ibaraki, Japan ; Kozu, T. ; Nakamura, K. ; Awaka, J.
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The wave propagation experiments using Japanese geostationary satellites CS (20/30 GHz) and BSE (12/14 GHz) satellites have been performed at the Kashima earth station of the Radio Research Laboratories (RRL). Cumulative rain attenuation and cross-polarization discrimination (XPD) statistics are given for the period of three years at 11.7 GHz (vertical polarization) and for the period of four years at 19.5 GHz (circular polarization). It is shown that the yearly rainfall rate and attenuation distributions are well approximated by log-normal distributions, and the XPD distribution is well approximated by a normal distribution. Monthly and time-of-day variation of the attenuation and XPD distributions are presented. Duration statistics of attenuation and XPD are presented and characterized. Other characteristics in the wave propagation, such as effective path length, frequency dependence of attenuation, and joint statistics of attenuation and XPD are derived and discussed. Rainfall events are classified into three rainfall types, "stratus," "cumulus," and "others" using measurements of the radar reflectivity factor along the satellite-to-earth path, and the dependence of XPD characteristics on the rainfall type is also presented and discussed. Some prediction methods of calculating attenuation and XPD statistics are applied to the data obtained in these experiments and the predicted results are compared with the measured ones. It is found that some corrections are needed when the XPD statistics are predicted from the attenuation statistics using the theoretical relation between XPD and attenuation.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 4 )