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Coherent scattering of a spherical wave from an irregular surface

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2 Author(s)
Fung, A. ; Remote Sensing Lab., Univ. of Kansas Center for Res. Inc., Lawrence, KS USA ; Hyo Eom

The scattering of a spherical wave from a rough surface using the Kirchhoff approximation is considered. An expression representing the measured coherent scattering coefficient is derived. It is shown that the sphericity of the wavefront and the antenna pattern can become an important factor in the interpretation of ground-based measurements. The condition under which the coherent scattering-coefficient expression reduces to that corresponding to a plane wave incidence is given. The condition under which the result reduces to the standard image solution is also derived. In general, the consideration of antenna pattern and sphericity is unimportant unless the surface-height standard deviation is small, i.e., unless the coherent scattering component is significant. An application of the derived coherent backscattering coefficient together with the existing incoherent scattering coefficient to interpret measurements from concrete and asphalt surfaces is shown.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 1 )