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The incorporation in the 13.5 GHz Seasat-type radar altimeter of a mode to measure rain rate is investigated. Specifically, an algorithm is developed relating the echo power at the various range bins, to the rain rate taking into consideration Mie scattering and path attenuation. The dependence of the algorithm on rain drop size distribution and nonuniform rain structure are examined and associated uncertainties defined. A technique for obtaining drop size distribution through the measurements of power at the top of the raincell and power difference through the cell also is investigated together with an associated error analysis. A description of the minor hardware modifications to the basic Seasat design is given for implementing the rain measurements.