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Feed network for dual beam reflector antennas

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1 Author(s)
Winter, C.F. ; Raytheon Co., Wayland, MA, USA

A primary feed network for doubly curved shaped-beam reflector antennas is described which allows simultaneous signal reception on two distinct elevation plane patterns such that the underside falloff separation between a fixed lower beam and a higher beam can be substantially varied in a lossless manner. A three-element feed array is employed wherein two elements of the array are interconnected by means of a sum-difference hybrid. The sum port generates the fixed low beam while the difference port generates an orthogonal beam pattern suitable for RF combining with an independent high beam generated by the third array element. Adjustment of the combining amplitude and phase relationships permits the variation of the underside falloff separation. The fixed low beam is, of course, also used for transmission at high power. Design parameters for a typical surveillance radar application axe discussed for a linearly polarized case. Calculated antenna patterns and free-space coverage diagrams are presented. The complexities of extending the feed network concept to handle switchable linear/circular polarization cases and an integral directional beacon pattern for L band systems are indicated.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 4 )