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The aRbrelation in the calculation of rain attenuation

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3 Author(s)
Olsen, R. ; Dept. of Communications, Communications Res. Centre, Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; Rogers, D.V. ; Hodge, Daniel B.

Because of its simplicity, the empirical relationA = aR^{b}between the specific attenuationAand the rainrateRis often used in the calculation of rain attenuation statistics. Values for the frequency-dependent parametersaandbare available, however, for only a limited number of frequencies. Some of these values, furthermore, were obtained experimentally, and may contain errors due to limitations in the experimental techniques employed. TheaR^{b}relation is shown to be an approximation to a more general relation, except in the low-frequency and optical limits. Because the approximation is a good one, however, a comprehensive and self-consistent set of values foraandbis presented in both tabular and graphical form for the frequency rangef = 1-1000GHz. These values were computed by applying logarithmic regression to Mie scattering calculations. The dropsize distributions of Laws and Parsons, Marshall and Palmer, and Joss et al., were employed to provide calculations applicable to "widespread" and "convective" rain. Empirical equations for some of the curves ofa(f)andb(f)are presented for use in systems studies requiring calculations at many frequencies. Some comparison is also made with experimental results, and suggestions are given regarding application of the various calculations.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 2 )