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On the cross polarization of asymmetric reflector antennas for satellite applications

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1 Author(s)
Jacobsen, Johannes ; European Space Technololy Centre, Noordwijk, Netherlands

It is well known that focussed, axial symmetrical reflector antennas collimate the co- and cross-polar components of the primary field separately, i.e., the reflector does not create a contribution to the cross polarization of the far-field. By a simple extension of a classical physical argument it is demonstrated that this separability does not depend on the symmetry of the antenna, and that it, therefore, holds even for off-set fed reflectors. A new mathematical formulation of the collimation is derived in which this is shown. Yet the separability does depend on how the co- and cross-polar fields are defined, and the cross polarization of feeds for asymmetric reflectors is discussed in detail in the light of this. It is further suggested how to design low cross polarization feeds for off-set fed antennas. As a consequence of the separate collimation such feeds will lead to low cross-polarization of the secondary fields. Two simple examples are treated. The only limitations of the results are those due to the application of the aperture field version of the physical optics approximation.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 2 )