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Several small order Butler matrices may be interconnected to replace a single large Butler matrix normally employed in beam forming and scanning networks for linear and circular arrays. This permits reduction in the size of the feed system resulting in a saving of system components and hardware. The penalty is an increase in the beamwidth for circular arrays and a reduction in the number of beams for linear arrays. The submatrix feed system has the additional advantage that it can be used to excite arrays with elements ( ), which normally cannot be fed by a single Butler matrix.