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The effects of ions on magneto-ionic characteristic polarization

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1 Author(s)
Snyder, W. ; Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

There is some evidence for the presence of large numbers of ions in the E-region. Considering the recent increase in the precision with which sky-wave polarization measurements can be made, it seems desirable to flu a gap in the usual magneto-ionic theory by investigating the effect on the theoretical characteristic polarizations of introducing a mixture of ions and electrons into the calculations. A general formula is derived as an extension of the magneto-ionic polarization expression of Goubau. The 100 kc and 300 kc polarizations predicted by this formula have been plotted for a neutral mixture of oxygen ions, nitrogen ions, and electrons. The plots show that polarizations are possible in a mixture that cannot occur when only electrons are present. They also show that characteristic polarizations in a mixture do not define the medium parameters as completely as they do with electrons only. Another interesting feature is that the polarizations in a mixture depend on the relative numbers of each type of charged particle but seem not to depend on the actual charge density when the proportion of electrons is small.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, Transactions of the IRE Professional Group on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 1953

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