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A new subspace identification algorithm for high-resolution DOA estimation

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2 Author(s)
McCloud, M.L. ; Magis Networks Inc., San Diego, CA, USA ; Scharf, L.L.

In this paper, we propose a new direction of arrival (DOA) estimator for sensor-array processing. The estimator is based on a linear algebraic connection between the standard subspace model of the array correlation matrix and a special signal-plus-interference model, which we develop in this paper. The estimator we propose is a signal subspace scaled MUSIC algorithm, which we call SSMUSIC. It is not a subspace weighted MUSIC, because the scaling depends on the eigenstructure of the estimated signal subspace. SSMUSIC has the advantage of simultaneously estimating the DOA and the power of each source. We employ a second-order perturbation analysis of the estimator and derive stochastic representations for its bias and squared-error. We compare the new DOA estimator with the MUSIC estimator, based on these representations. Numerical results demonstrate the superior performance of SSMUSIC relative to MUSIC and the validity of the perturbation results.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 10 )