Skip to Main Content
Insulated antennas are useful for localized heating as in the hyperthermia treatment of tumors and the extraction of shale oil. The distribution of current in and the admittance of a center-driven dipole embedded in a general medium are reviewed. Formulas for the electric field generated by the currents in the dipole are derived for all points outside the antenna. Near the antenna, the field is elliptically polarized. Formulas for the polarization ellipses are derived and evaluated for antennas with electrical half-lengths Beta Lh = pi/4, pi/2, pi, and 3pi/2, where k L =beta L + i alpha L is the wavenumber of the current, and this is different from the wavenumber of the ambient medium.