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High-speed pulse response and receiver sensitivity at 1.55 µm were measured at data rates ranging from 400 Mbits/s to 2 Gbits/s, in order to elucidate characteristics of a reach-through p +nn - Ge APD. The p +nn - Ge APD receiver provided a 2 Gbit/s received optical power level of -32.0 dBm at 1.55 µm and a 10 -9 error rate, which was 4 dB better than the receiving level with a p +n Ge APD. Detector performance at 1.3 µm was also studied for comparison with performance at 1.55 um. Single-mode fibers, which have 0.54 dB/km loss and zero dispersion at 1.55 µm, and an optical transmitter-receiver, whose repeater gain is 29.2 dB, have enabled 51.5 km fiber transmission at 2 Gbits/s. The transmission system used in this study has a data rate repeater-spacing product of 103 (Gbits/s) ˙ km at 1.55 µm. Optical pulse broadening and fiber dispersion were also studied, using 1.55 and 1.3 µm dispersion free fibers. Future repeater spacing prospects for PCM-IM single-mode fiber transmission systems are discussed based on these experimental results.