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Gyrotron-TWT Operating Characteristics

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3 Author(s)

The gyrotron traveling-wave tube (gyro-TWT) is a new type of millimeter amplifier which employs the electron cyclotron maser instability as a basis for the electron-electromagnetic wave interaction. A C-band gyro-TWT, employing the fundarnental cyclotron resonance interaction with the circularly polarized TE11 dominant waveguide mode, has been constructed and tested. Initial power measurements yielded an output power of 50 kW at 60-kV beam voltage with 16.6-percent efficiency and 6-percent bandwidth. These measurements were recorded with a flat magnetic field. Subsequent experimental testing yieIded, for a magnetic field increasing in magnitude towards the output portion of the tube, 128-kW and 65-kV beam voltage at 24-percent electronic efficiency. The maximum efficiency was 26 percent at 120.5-kW peak power, with an instantaneous bandwidth of 7.25 percent as measured in a high-beam power mode (65 kV, 7 A). In the low-beam power mode (40 kV, 4 A), the efficiency was 9.8 percent at 18.8-kW peak power at 9.3-percent instantaneous bandwidth. Additional experimental results of AM and PM modulation coefficients, spectral purity, phase Iinearity, and noise figure are presented.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 8 )