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A Wave Approach to the Noise Properties of Linear Microwave Devices

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1 Author(s)

Noise temperature or noise factor are important parameters for many microwave devices. Their dependence on source characteristics is classically established using low-frequency concepts such as impedance, admittance, voltage, and current sources. This paper presents a derivation of the noise properties of linear two-ports in terms of noise waves, which leads to a convenient measurement method in distributed systems.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 1 )