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Normal Transmission-Line Networks and Their Lumped LC Presentation

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1 Author(s)

A previous result is extended and a new presentation is described for Richards' transmission-line (TL) networks. The new presentation is in a lumped LC form; therefore, classical analysis and synthesis techniques are directly applicable. The class of networks for which this presentation is possible is studied in detail. This class of networks, called normal TL networks, is found to be a necessary and sufficient condition for driving-point immittance functions to be rational positive real functions of λ =tanh τρ. The effectiveness of this representation is further demonstrated by applying it to graph-transformation analysis method. It simplifies the procedure considerably and reveals additional physical insight into the TL network.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 10 )