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The design and experimental performance of a wide-band K-band parametric amplifier (paramp) for the experimental domestic satellite communication earth station are described. An optimum idler frequency for a minimum noise temperature is derived taking into account the varactor diode skin effect. Wide-band paramps with a double-tuned signal circuit are discussed and it is shown that triple-tuned gain characteristics are realizable with this configuration. Finally, an 18-GHz paramp is described, which can be operated from room- to liquid-helium (LHe) temperature, only requiring adjustment of pumping power and bias voltage and using lithium ferrite circulators. Triple-tuned gain characteristics with a bandwidth of 1300 MHz at a gain of 10 dB are obtained using a miniature pill prong packaged varactor.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 12 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 1972