By Topic

The Microwave Reflective Properties of Water Surfaces-I: The Reflectivity of Smooth Water at 19.24 and 22.43 GHz as Measured with a Free-Wave Microwave Reflectometer

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)

The reflectivity of smooth water has been measured with a free-wave reflectometer at frequencies of 19.24 and 22.43 GHz and for temperatures between 0° and 40°C. Reproducibility of the data for water temperatures below 20°C is better than ± 0.15 percent and the absolute accuracy of the reflectometer is thought to be ± 0.5 percent. The results deviate significantly from the early reflectivity measurements of Saxton and Lane but agree to within experimental error with values calculated from the absorption cell measurements of Lane and Saxton.

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 11 )