By Topic

Noniterative techniques for GPR imaging through a nonplanar air-ground interface

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
P. D. Walker ; Veridian Syst. Div., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; M. R. Bell

It is often advantageous to acquire pulse-echo ground-penetrating radar (GPR) measurements from antennas that are offset from the air-ground interface by a nonnegligible distance, either because the ground's surface is rough, or because measurements must be collected remotely. This paper describes the effects of incorrectly estimating the location of the air-ground interface on GPR images created with the plane-to-plane backpropagation (PPB) method. To compensate for a nonplanar air-ground interface, the wideband time-domain synthetic aperture method is reviewed and reformulated, using Snell's law of refraction, to account for measurements taken some distance above an undulating interface. A modification of the PPB algorithm that accounts for a nonplanar interface is also formulated, and examples of imaging with both methods are given to validate, the algorithms' performance for surface variations that are relatively smooth with respect to the radar waveform wavelengths. Additionally, a method for inferring the surface topography from the radar returns is described. Finally, the modified PPB is demonstrated by imaging buried targets sensed in field-acquired data.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 10 )