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Time-, fuel-, and energy-optimal control of nonlinear norm-invariant systems

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3 Author(s)
Athans, M. ; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA ; Falb, P.L. ; Lacoss, R.T.

Nonlinear systems of the formdot{X}(t)=g[x(t);t]+u(t), wherex(t), u(t), andg[x(t); t]arenvectors, are examined in this paper. It is shown that ifparellelx(t)parellel = sqrt{x_{1}^{2}(t) + ... + x_{n}^{2}(t)}is constant along trajectories of the homogeneous systemdot{X}(t)=g[x(t); t]and if the controlu(t)is constrained to lie within a sphere of radiusM, i.e.,parellelu(t}parellel leq M, for allt, then the controlu^{ast}(t)= - Mx(t} /parellelx(t)parelleldrives any initial statexito 0 in minimum time and with minimum fuel, where the consumed fuel is measured byint liminf{0} limsup{T}parellel u(t) parelleldt. Moreover, for a given response timeT, the controlutilde(t) = -parellelxiparellel x(t)/T parellel x(t) parelleldrivesxito 0 and minimizes the energy measured byfrac{1}{2}int liminf{0} limsup{T}parellelu(t)parellel^{2}dt. The theory is applied to the problem of reducing the angular velocities of a tumbling asymmetrical space body to zero.

Published in:

Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 3 )