Skip to Main Content
An input-output approach is presented for analyzing the global stability and robustness properties of adaptive controllers to unmodeled dynamics. The concept of a tuned system is introduced, i.e., the control system that could be obtained if the plant were known. Comparing the adaptive system to the tuned system results in the development of a generic adaptive error system. Passivity theory is used to derive conditions which guarantee global stability of the error system associated with the adaptive controller, and ensure boundedness of the adaptive gains. Specific bounds are presented for certain significant signals in the control systems. Limitations of these global results are discussed, particularly the requirement that a certain operator be strictly positive real (SPR)-a condition that is unlikely to hold due to unmodeled dynamics.