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The general state-space model for a 2-D linear digital system is presented. A new definition of state-transition matrix is given. Based on the definition, it is easy to calculate the state-transition matrix for any linear digital system. The general response formula for a system follows simply from the definition. A new definition of the characteristic function of a system and a theorem parallel to the Cayley-Hamilton theorem are also given. The presented results apply to any linear causal system.