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A wide-band reflection-type phase shifter at S-band using BST coated substrate

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5 Author(s)
Dongsu Kim ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Yoonsu Choi ; M. G. Allen ; J. S. Kenney
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The design and experimental results of a wide-band monolithic reflection-type phase shifter are presented in this paper. The phase shifter fabricated on Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 (BST)/sapphire consists of a coplanar waveguide (CPW) Lange coupler, a series resonated LC termination, and a bias network. The CPW Lange coupler results in a power split of 3.5 dB±0.5 dB in the range of 1.6-3.2 GHz. The BST interdigital capacitor has a tunability (Cmax/Cmin) of 3.1 with 140 V. Measured and simulated performance of a series resonated LC termination was described. The phase shifter has achieved a phase-shift range of over 90° with an insertion loss of better than 2.0 dB and a return loss of higher than 14 dB in the frequency range of 1.9-2.5 GHz over a bias voltage range from 0 to 160 V. A figure-of-merit of maximum 72°/dB at 2 GHz was obtained. The smaller phase shifter using the folded-type CPW Lange coupler, which maintains a smaller aspect ratio for easier packaging, has an insertion loss of better than 2.3 dB with a phase-shift range of over 130° at 2.5 GHz. Two-tone measurements of the phase shifter indicate an input IP3 of 32 dBm with 0 V and 41.9 dBm with 60 V. Total size of the monolithic BST phase shifter is 11.2 mm × 4.9 mm × 0.43 mm for the straight coupler design and 5.4 mm × 6.5 mm × 0.43 mm for the folded-type design.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 12 )