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High-performance air-gap transmission lines and inductors for millimeter-wave applications

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7 Author(s)

The air-gap transmission lines and inductors are developed by new multilayer process. The developed transmission lines are air-gap coaxial line, air-gap strip line, air-gap coplanar waveguides (CPW), and air-gap buried microstrip line (BMSL). The air-gap transmission lines show very low signal loss and very high isolation performances. The transmission line loss of the coaxial line is less than 0.08 dB/mm up to 40 GHz. Those of the CPW, strip line and BMSL are about 0.07, 0.15, and 0.13 dB/mm, respectively. The isolation characteristics of the coaxial line and BMSL are measured. In case of the coaxial line with 2-mm coupling length and 60-μm distance between signal lines, the coupling is less than –52 dB up to 40 GHz. In case of the BMSL with the same conditions, the coupling is less than –43 dB. Therefore, the air-gap transmission line is very suitable structure for high performance and high-density RF application. Additionally, the air-gap inductors are monolithically fabricated using the same process of the transmission line. The fabricated inductors have very high quality factors, the maximum factor of 1.46-nH air-gap inductor is about 130. Using the developed multilayer process, we can realize various types of air-gap transmission lines (coaxial line, CPW, strip line and BMSL) and air-gap inductors simultaneously.

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 12 )