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Multiple-wavelength photoluminescence (PL) spanning a 160-nm range from 980 to 1140 nm (77 K) has been obtained from InxGa1-xAs-GaAs quantum wells (QWs) with varying In composition x on a nanoscale faceted (nanofaceted) GaAs substrate grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Five nanofaceted regions which consist of periodic -(n11) (n = 3 or 1) facets along [011~] with different periods were prepared on a single substrate by interferometric lithography and selective growth of GaAs. The pattern period p was varied from infinity (large-area unpatterned) to 210 nm while the lateral width of the (n11) facet region was kept constant at ∼180 to 200 nm within each period. A 5-nm-thick In0.23Ga0.77As layer was deposited on this multiple-period nanofaceted single GaAs surface in a single-run growth. Orientation-dependent migration and incorporation (ODMI) of In atoms [mass transport of incident In atoms from the (n11) to adjacent  facets] results in a variation of x of the InxGa1-xAs layer section on the  facet as the width of the  facet was changed from ∼20 to ∼200 nm. ODMI induces a higher x on the  facet for smaller p. The PL exhibits a polarization dependence which is more pronounced for decreasing p [i.e., the width of  facet]. Consistent variations of the PL peak energy and linear polarization along the pattern direction confirm that ODMI results in a variation of the In composition and imply that the InxGa1-xAs layer on a  facet has characteristics of a quantum wire as its width is decreased to ∼20 nm for p = 210 nm. A possible application of nanopatterned growth to wavelength-division-multiplexing transmitters is discussed.