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Ultra-wideband (UWB) radio is becoming a promising field for new generation's digital communication systems. This technique, based mainly on the impulse radio paradigm, offers great flexibility and shows enormous potential in view of a future broadband wireless access. We present the main principles to design a multiaccess scheme based on UWB. The potential of UWB is exploited within a distributed ad hoc wireless system, where we describe the principles for the definition of a medium-access control (MAC) for mobile computing applications and we analyze the main performance results derived from simulations. A general framework for radio resource sharing is outlined for classes of traffic requiring both elastic-dynamic and guaranteed-reserved bandwidth. Then, we discuss the issue of supporting the proposed radio resource sharing scheme by means of a distributed MAC protocol.