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This paper deals with channel estimation in ultra-wideband communications operating in a multipath environment and in the presence of multiaccess interference. The channel parameters are the attenuations and delays incurred by the signal echoes along the propagation paths. Time-hopping modulation with binary symbols is assumed. The estimation method is based on the maximum-likelihood criterion and is applied to two different scenarios: either with known symbols (DA estimation) or with unknown symbols (NDA estimation). The effects of the estimation errors on the performance of a RAKE receiver are assessed by simulation by comparing the receiver bit-error rate with either perfect channel estimates or imperfect estimates as obtained from the proposed algorithms. The results show that the degradations are tolerable as long as the number of users is limited. They also show that the DA method has an edge over the NDA in that it can handle a larger number of users for a fixed degradation. The number of users that can be accommodated in practice is found for some values of the system parameters.