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High-Gain Antennas for VHF Scatter Propagation

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1 Author(s)
Cottony, H.V. ; National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, CO, USA

Rhombic antennas were the first type employed in the study of propagation via ionospheric scatter. By the use of electrically long leg-lengths gains of the order of 20 decibels were obtained. Experimental measurements using model techniques indicated that assumptions usual in the design of rhombic antennas remained valid even for leg-lengths of 25 to 40 wavelengths. In order to obtain a more compact antenna, while retaining the gain, experimental investigation was carried out on corner-reflector and Yagi-types of antennas. By the use of 60 degree corner-reflector and a collinear array, a corner reflector antenna having gain of 19.9 db. was constructed. By exercising care in adjusting the lengths of parasitic elements, a Yagi antenna, 4.2 wavelength, having a gain of 14.2 decibels, was designed. An array of four such Yagis, having a horizontal spacing of 1.8 wavelengths and a vertical separation of 1.6 wavelengths was measured to have a gain of 19.0 decibels. Full scale corner-reflector antennas and Yagi antennas have been erected and have proved to be operationally satisfactory.

Published in:

Communications Systems, IRE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

March 1956

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