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XPSK: A New Cross-Correlated Phase-Shift Keying Modulation Technique

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2 Author(s)
S. Kato ; NTT Corp., Japan ; K. Feher

A new modulation technique, cross-correlated phase-shift keying ( XPSK ), is introduced. XPSK is a band-limited offset QPSK modulation technique which has an almost constant envelope. In XPSK modulators, a controlled amount of cross correlation between the in-phase ( I ) and quadrature ( Q ) channels is introduced. I and Q cross correlation reduce the envelope fluctuation Of the intersymbol-interference and jitter-free OQPSK (IJF-OQPSK) modulation scheme, introduced by Feher et al. [1], [2], from 3 dB to approximately 0 dB, thus further improving the performance of IJF-OQPSK systems in nonlinear radio systems [7], [14]. It is shown that the baseband signal of the modulator, the P_{e} = f(E_{b}/N_{0}) performance, and the spectral characteristics of nonlinearly amplified (hard-limited or saturated) radio systems of XPSK and tamed frequency modems (TFM) are practically the same. The XPSK demodulator is a conventional OQPSK demodulator, the TFM demodulator requires a somewhat more complex signal processor. For this reason, the XPSK approach may lead to significant demodulator hardware cost savings, particularly in point-to-multipoint distribution systems such as broadcast systems. Simulation results for linear and nonlinear (saturated amplifier) systems operated in an adjacent-channel interference environment (in addition to thermal noise) are presented. Measurement results performed on a 128 kbit/s rate hardware-prototype modem are also reported. Experimental eye diagram and power spectrum density measurement results are in close agreement with the computer simulation results.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 5 )