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Since differential-pulse-code modulation (DPCM) and orthogonal transform coding (OTC) are the most fundamental methods of high-efficiency coding (bit-reduction method), it is important to clarify the basic coding characteristics of these methods and the difference between them in order to utilize the bit-reduction method effectively. This paper theoretically as well as experimentally compares the coding efficiency of a DPCM having a two-dimensional predictor with that of a two-dimensional Hadamard transform coding method (HTC) in the intrafield coding of the NTSC composite signal. The comparison evidenced that the distinctive difference in coding characteristics between DPCM and HTC depends greatly on the power level of carrier chrominance signals. That is, it is confirmed theoretically and experimentally that the coding efficiency of the HTC is far lower than that of the DPCM in the case of a signal having a high power level carrier chrominance signal such as a color-bar signal.