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Effects of Packet Losses in Waveform Coded Speech and Improvements Due to an Odd-Even Sample-Interpolation Procedure

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2 Author(s)
Jayant, N. ; Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Christensen, S.

We have studied the effects of random packet losses in digital speech systems based on 12-bit PCM and 4-bit adaptive DPCM coding. The effects are a function of packet length B and probability of packet loss PL. We have also studied tbe benefits of an odd-even sample-interpolation procedure that mitigates these effects (at the cost of increased decoding delay). The procedure is based on arranging a 2B -block of codewords into two B -sample packets, an odd-sample packet and an even-sample packet. If one of these packets is lost, the odd (or even) samples of the 2B -block are estimated from the even (or odd) samples by means of adaptive interpolation. Perceptual considerations indicate that packet lengths most robust to losses are in the range 16-32 ms, irrespective of whether interpolation is used or not. With these packet lengths, tolerable PLvalues, which are strictly input-speech-dependent, can be as high as 2 to 5 percent without interpolation and 5 to 10 percent with interpolation. These observations are based on a computer simulation with three sentence-length speech inputs, and on informal listening tests.

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 2 )