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This is an expanded version of an earlier report, adding, new results. The first part introduces a simple analytic model showing that dynamic routing may increase network throughput or lower delay when trunks are moderately loaded, but will reduce throughput or increase delay at heavy trunk loads. The second part of the paper presents simulation results characterizing: 1) the operation of a network "protected" by end-to-end flow control, 2) the operation of an "unprotected" network, 3) the transition between these two modes, 4) the effect of changing the update interval for the routing algorithms, 5) the effect of slow local loops, and 6) the effect of increasing the number of alternate paths available for dynamic routing. Overall, the results show that dynamic routing improves network performance only over a small parameter range, and should dynamic routing be used at all, it must be implemented with great care.
Date of Publication: Jul 1980